Dante Alighieri (1265-1321): Intellectual and Poet
Dante Alighieri is considered the greatest Italian poet and one of the greatest of European and World Literature. He is best known for the epic poem COMMEDIA, later named LA DIVINA COMMEDIA.
Dante was probably born between May 22 and June 13, 1265 in Florence and baptized as Durante di Alighiero degli Alighieri. He died in exile in Ravenna on September 14, 1321.
A marriage was arranged for Dante at age 12 with Gemma Donati, whose family was one of the most important in Florence. He was 20 when they married and had three children together. Dante entered political life and favored a reduction in the Pope’s political power. After years of involvement in political turmoil he wound up on the losing side of the battles and was condemned to death in absentia. He went into exile in 1302, never to return to Florence.
During his exile, Dante found shelter in various Italian cities, including Verona with the ruling Della Scala family, and died in Ravenna where he remains buried.
Besides the Divine Comedy and La Vita Nuova, Dante’s most important works are:
Il convivio, 1307 (unfinished)
De vulgari eloquentia, 1304-07
De monarchia, ca. 1313
|Links of Interest about Dante Alighieri, His Life, and His Works:|
|Course on The Divine Comedy: Adult Faith Formation and Bible Study at St Paul’s Catholic Church in Harvard Square – Inferno Fall 2014, Purgatorio Winter 2015 and Paradiso Spring 2015.|
|Guelphs and Ghibellines: How the two factions originated and how they affected Dante’s life. Only complete explanation online.|
|La Divina Commedia: Edizione critica della “vulgata” a cura da Giorgio Petrocchi e commentata dai più famosi critici letterari.|
|Divine Comedy in Italian and English: Italian version with translations of the Commedia by Longfellow and Mandelbaum.|
|Divine Comedy in Italian and English: The divine Comedy in Italian and with translations by Cary and Longfellow. In addition you can view illustrations by Botticelli, Doré, and Dali.|
|Divina Commedia: Presentata in chiave parapsicologica nel libero commento di Giovanna Viva.|
|Robert Pinsky’s Translation of the Inferno: Hear Pinsky reading excerpts from Cantos I, II, and V. He reads the first nine lines in Italian.|
|Inspired by Dante: A collection of contemporary drawings and illustrations, by Indianapolis artist Jennifer Strange. The drawings are inspired from the Divine Comedy,
a medieval poem written by the Italian poet Dante Alighieri. The drawings, while they represent Dante’s journey through Inferno, Purgatory and Paradise,
also represent the human condition in any age.
|Poesia del Duecento fino a Dante: All of the Poet’s Works.|
|Dante Society of America: Founded in 1881 by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, James Russell Lowell, and Charles Eliot Norton, first three presidents.|